Kidney Stone

Kidney Stone – Trace the Cause, Find the Treatment

A kidney stone which is medically known as Nephrolithiasis is created within the kidney or urinary tract, and it appears like a hard, crystallized substance. Kidney stone include pain located in the flank area and presence of blood in the urine or hematuria which is sometimes seen by the eye in severe cases and sometimes undergoes through the microscope to be determined in acute and mild conditions. The stone is formed due to dehydration which then causes a decrease in urine volume which in turn increases the stone-forming substances in the urine. Therefore, Major risk of having this stone are those dehydrated individuals. People who have definite medical conditions, like gout, and those who are under certain medications or supplements are at risk of having it. Dietary and hereditary factors can also contribute in stone formation. CT scan, a diagnostic exam is being use to detect or confirm presence of stone in the kidney. Management for this type of condition usually consists of medications that will help control the pain and as well as drugs that can facilitate urination is given.



Kidney stones will come across their own way out in the body, other than that there are more factors which can influence the ability in passing kidney stones. It includes the size of the person, Pregnancy, prostate enlargement and the size of the stone. However a 4mm stone can pass with 80 percent of charges while 5mm has a lesser chance. The larger the stone the lesser the chances to take away it, specific treatment or operation is needed.



The following are most common cause of kidney stones:

  • When there is dwindling in urine quantity and/or an excess of stone-forming substances in the urine.
  • Stumbling block to the flow of urine can possibly lead to stone formation.
  • Climate is also one of the factors that can contribute in the formation of kidney stone thus; people who are living in hot weather or dry spot are more likely to be dehydrated.
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Metabolic problems, as well as those that are genetically related to the case. There is a problem as well as inherited disorders of metabolism, however, it can modify the buildup of the urine and increase an individual’s risk of stone formation.
  • Dehydration as a result of reduced fluid intake or heavy exercise lacking sufficient fluid replacement increases the risk of kidney stones.



People who have kidney stones frequently report the following kidney stones symptom:

  • sudden onset of excruciating pain
  • Cramping pain in lower back, or side ,groin and abdomen
  • Colicky pain (term as renal colic)
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Hematuria ( a blood in urine)
  • Fever
  • Chill
  • difficulty urinating
  • urinary urgency
  • penile pain
  • testicular pain


In treating kidney stones the control of symptoms are the priority since the stones in a given time will get ahead of through on its own in the ureter to the bladder. Kidney stones treatments are the following:


  • Intravenous pain drugs is prescribed or given as soon as nausea and vomiting are present.


  • An anti-inflammatory medication is used such as ibuprofen (advil) if it is not contraindicated to the person with kidney stones. Furthermore, when there is decrease tolerance in pain a stronger narcotic pain medications may be recommended.


  • When over the counter pain control medications are not efficient to manage pain an injectable anti-inflammatory drug is given such as ketorolac, in addition, narcotics is also prescribed by the doctor to deal with pain.



  • Various medications have been used in order to increase the means of access rates of kidney stones. However, these consist of nifedipine a calcium channel blocker and alpha blockers such as tamsulosin. These drugs may be prearranged to various people who have stones that do not hurriedly get ahead of through the urinary tract.



  • In support of kidney stones that do not bypass on their own, a course of action called lithotripsy is frequently used. In addition, shock waves are used in this procedure to shatter up a large stone into smaller pieces that can then pass through the urinary system.


  • Surgical method has also been developed to take away kidney stones when other treatment methods are not effective. In addition this may be done through a small incision in the skin or all the way through. However an instrument known as an ureteroscope will be passed through the urethra and bladder up into the ureter to get the stone.



Home remedies for kidney stones maybe an option for patients who have history of kidney stone however; there are no proven home remedies to break up stone in the kidney. Home management in this situation includes consumption of plenty of fluids to facilitate passing of stone and consumption of fruit juices such as lemon juice and cherry juice. Cranberry and orange juice has been approved and said to help the stones pass, however, there are new research conducted that says that these juices may contribute to the formation of kidney stones. Therefore, you must consult your physician first before trying any home remedy so as to prevent the condition from worsening.

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